Bed Bug Details

Info on Bed Bugs

Understanding Bed Bug Habits and Life Cycle

Bed Bugs have three life stages (eggs, nymphs, and adults).

Bed Bugs are most active at night and can feed on multiple hosts, including but not limited to humans and pets. Bed Bugs typically travel 5–20 ft. to feed.

Females can lay 2 to 5 eggs a day (up to 200–500 within her lifetime) using a sticky substance to attach the eggs (4-8 clusters) in and on surfaces. Eggs hatch in 6 to 10 days.

Bed Bugs hide in bed tufts, cracks, and crevices, and even electronics, and can be difficult to locate.

Nymphs have five nymphal instars (molts), each requiring a blood meal.

In most Bed Bug populations, the life stages consist of approximately 12% adults, 54% nymphs and 34% eggs.

Bed Bug treatments often require multiple
visits and continued cooperation of the customer.

Key Signs of Infestation

Early detection of bed bugs is critical when performing an
inspection. Common signs of infestation include:

  • Shed or Cast Skins
  • Fecal Deposits (dried excreted blood)
  • Bed Bug Carcasses
  • Egg Deposits
  • Live Bugs

Inspection & Vacuuming

Inspect the entire infestation area with a flashlight to
identify all pockets of infestation.

Bed Bugs may be found in uncommon places such as
smoke detectors, books, electronic equipment, etc.

Remove all items from the floor, the underside of the bed, and
closet floors. Inspect, treat or carefully dispose of all
infested items.

Move furniture 2–3 ft. from the wall. Vacuum all visible Bed
Bugs. Thoroughly vacuum carpet throughout the room,
beneath furniture, and in closets.

Life Cycle

Mated female bed bugs lay 2 to 5 eggs a day and about 200 to 500 total in their lifetime. Eggs take about 10 days to hatch. When the eggs hatch the tiny bed bug that crawls out is a 1st instar nymph. The nymphs look like miniature versions of the adult bed bug, except that they start out almost colorless, get darker with each molt, and are reddish brown as adults. Bed bugs have 5 instars before they become adults and each instar requires a blood meal to complete development into the next stage. The lifecycle takes about 6 to 7 weeks under optimal conditions to go from egg to egg. When temperature is not optimal or blood meals are scarce, the length of the life cycle can be dramatically increased.